The Most Common Skiing and Snowboarding Injuries

While wintoer snowsports are both fulfilling and exhilerating, high speeds and unpredictable terrain will result in some pretty gnarly injuries. Some, however, are more common than others, and not all popular injuries are consitent across sports. Skiers are susceptible to some accidents, whereas snowboarders are more prone to others. Below is a list of some of the most common injuries, as well as some tips for preventing them. As you read along, you’ll notice a theme in the prevention tips.  

Shoulder—Falling incorrectly in both skiing and snowboarding can result in shoulder injuries. This occurs when the person falls on an outstretched arm, applying direct force to the upper arm. This will likely result in a dislocation, which is extremely painful. Other common injurie include rotator cuff and/or labrum tears. To prevent, learn how to fall correctly. 

Head—Head injuries can have serious consequences—everything from a minor concussion to long-term brain injury, even death. This is a common injury for both skiers and snowboarders, and it can be difficult to predict and prevent. The best way to guard yourself against head trauma is to always wear a helmet and to ski/snowboard within your comfort zone. 

Thumb—This is a popular ski injury, as the thumb will absorb a lot of the impact when a skier falls with their pole still in hand. This can cause a fracture of the bones or a sprain/tear of the UCL. To prevent, learn how to fall correctly. 

Knee—Another popular ski injury, knee damage occurs when a skier falls and the binding fails to release. The ski can cause an outward rotation, twisting the lower leg while the upper leg stays in place. This can create enough pressure to tear the ACL or MCL. To prevent, ensure your equipment is properly maintained, and as always, learn how to fall correctly.  

Wrist—Wrist injuries are most common among snowboarders, who are more likely to sustain an upper extremity fracture than skiers. Wrist injuries are extremely common in beginner snowboarders trying to learn stable stances. Skiers can catch a fall by adjusting their legs, but snowboarders have to break their falls with an arm. Much of the pressure is put on the wrist, which can cause fractures and other long-term damage. To prevent, learn how to fall correcty.  

Ankle—Ankle injuries are also common among snowboarders, especially those with softshell boots. This type of boot can allow for more ankle movement to maneuver the board, but it also provides less support. To prevent, do ankle exercises and do your best to graduate to a more supportive boot option.